Tag Archives: miracles

The virtues of science: skepticism and excitement over faster-than-light physics

On this whole ‘faster-than-light’ issue out of CERN, it’s awesome to consider how much proper scientific skepticism is being brought to bear on results from such an incredibly precise and expensive set of instruments, and all because a neutrino traveled a few dozen nanoseconds faster than current physics would predict. Although the results passed the scrutiny of leading European physicists, other researchers are still expecting the results to be replicated before they will “give up on Einstein,” as the choice has been leveled.

If the observations in question are indeed confirmed, it will be extremely exciting! As far as I know, there is no clear consensus on how the aberrant results should then be interpreted. Nevertheless, this whole kerfuffle seems to exemplify the balance Carl Sagan extolled between two key personality traits of the scientist: openness and skepticism.

Before I continue, let me summarize the current situation in particle physics as best I know: A fundamental physical law may have been violated. The raw data came out of state-of-the-art machinery, and were observed by scores of the world’s top experimental physicists before being presented. Because of the extraordinary nature of these researchers’ claims, other scientists are hesitant to accept them prior to their being replicated independently.

And now a summary of where religion finds itself: Countless physical laws may have been violated, including the speed of light, the laws of buoyancy (2 Kings 6:1-7), and Newton’s laws of gravitation (Joshua 10:13). Some have even suggested that our whole understanding of the death process may require a complete overhaul (John 20). There is no quantitative data to check (and don’t even think about trying to replicate anything), but at least one ancient text is known to attest to the aforementioned events. Despite the extraordinary nature of these claims, billions of people express absolute certainty in their accuracy.

“Let there be no doubt that as they are currently practiced, there is no common ground between science and religion… The claims of science rely on experimental verification, while the claims of religions rely on faith. These are irreconcilable approaches to knowing, which ensures an eternity of debate wherever and whenever the two camps meet.” – Neil deGrasse Tyson


UPDATE: Apparently, OPERA now thinks that the result was caused by “a bad connection between a GPS unit and a computer.” This is complicated by another problem which would have had an opposite effect on the data. They are trying to determine what the net effect would have been.






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Does science have anything to say about the supernatural?

A good place to start in any productive conversation is to define one’s terms. Carl Sagan said of science, “Science is more than a body of knowledge… It’s a way of thinking; a way of skeptically interrogating the universe.” Science is just a particular species of skeptical inquiry. As the purpose of this post is to investigate the scope of science and whether or not its authority extends to claims of the supernatural, defining what science actually is is of paramount importance. Another similar definition was used by the great paleontologist and author Stephen Jay Gould: “Science is a battery of observational and inferential methods, all directed to the testing of propositions that can, in principle, be definitely proven false.” Curiously, Stephen Jay Gould considered religion to be compatible with his definition of science. In his 1997 book, Rock of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life, Gould set out his vision for the relationship between science and religion, known as “Non-Overlapping Magisteria” or “NOMA.” He wrote, “Science tries to document the factual character of the natural world, and to develop theories that coordinate and explain these facts. Religion, on the other hand, operates in the equally important, but utterly different, realm of human purposes, meanings and values–subjects that the factual domain of science might illuminate, but can never resolve.” Today, this idea is commonly phrased as “science and religion are ‘different ways of knowing.’” NOMA is embraced by many theists and atheists who argue for the compatibility of religion and science. This position is commonly known as ‘accommodationism.’ Increasingly, however, religious scientists, progressive theologians and sympathetic secularists seem to be moving away from NOMA and suggesting open interaction between science and religion.

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Filed under Accommodationism, Religion, Science